Ghana is driving consumer confidence up in March
Africa's first monthly consumer confidence index (KIC Score) rose slightly in March to reach 8. At this level, it means that the number of consumers who are optimistic is almost exactly countered by those are pessimistic ( a score of zero implies equal numbers in both camps). With a maximum of 100 and a minimum of -100, the current KIC level indicates that economic confidence is barely positive in the urban centers polled. The sub-index for current economic condition metric remained negative at -17 up 3 points from February. However, consumers have hope in the future with the sub-index for economic expectations remaining constant at +17.
The March readings of the KIC score range from -14 in South Africa to +33 in Ghana.
Nigeria most confident about national and city economy
Consumers in Lagos are by far the most optimistic about economic conditions in the country and in the city closely followed by consumers in Accra. With oil prices recovering, the Nigeria economy is expected to perform better in 2017. Ghana, another oil producer is also expected to recover this year after going through the slowest economy expansion in 2016. Consumers in Douala and Johannesburg are the least optimistic about their respective countries and cities. This reflects the uncertainty facing South Africa after its credit rating downgrade in March following the government reshuffle. In Cameroon, the shutdown of the Internet in the English speaking area has negatively impacted the economy.
Personal finances looking up in Ghana and Nigeria
Consumers in Accra are the most optimistic about their income prospects over the next six months, followed by those in Lagos. But as was seen last month, this optimism does not translate to expectations about meeting regular expenses, where Johannesburg residents lag far behind all other cities. Consumers in Accra are the most positive when asked whether they will be able to meet their regular expenses over the next six months. This disjuncture between views about the economy and personal finance may also reflect perceptions about inequality, where ordinary consumers do not believe that national or even regional economic gains flow proportionately to all residents. The divergence might also be a function of consumers’ more realistic and accurate assessment of their own personal finances relative to their assessment of the overall economy.
Residents in Ghana the most willing to spend
As in February, consumers across the cities surveyed are holding tight to their purses. The residents of Accra are more willing to make large purchase. The score for buying durables is in negative territory in Johannesburg and Lagos, and barely positive in Nairobi. In most cities except Accra, residents are also likely to keep their spending on durables static in the next six months.
Getting a job is difficult across markets
As in February, consumers across the cities surveyed find it difficult to get a job in their area. The job prospect score is negative across markets: Lagos ranking the lowest at -69 and Douala ranking the highest at -5.
KASI KIC Score’s 3500 sample survey of individuals in 7 urban centers in Africa was carried out between March 20 – 30 of this year, and was conducted online.
Trudi Makhaya, economic advisor at KASI Insight said that "The readings and trend we obverse with the KIC score show that political and economical uncertainty have a negative impact on consumer spending or improved personal finance. Ghana political stability and oil recovery is reassuring consumers while political uncertainty and economic headwinds are making consumers in South Africa and Cameroon a bit cautious.
Note: Tanzania was added to the KIC Score in February.
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About the KIC Score
The KASI Insight Consumer Confidence Score (KIC SCORE) is a composite index compiled from a seven-questions survey that runs monthly via our consumer polls in the countries covered. The data output is based on fresh, randomly selected representative sample of city dwellers aged 18-64.
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